Abstract: Consider the following version of the Hamming distance problem for ±1 vectors of length n: the promise is that the distance is either at least n 2 +√n or at most n 2 −√n, and the goal is to find out which of these two cases occurs. Woodruff (Proc. ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, 2004) gave a linear lower bound for the randomized one-way communication complexity of this problem. In this note we give a simple proof of this result. Our proof uses a simple reduction from the indexing problem and avoids the VC-dimension arguments used in the previous paper. As shown by Woodruff (loc. cit.), this implies an Ω(1/ε2)-space lower bound for approximating frequency moments within a factor 1 + ε in the data stream model. ACM Classification: F.2.2 AMS Classification: 68Q25 Key words and phrases: One-way communication complexity, indexing, Hamming distanc
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