Location of Repository

Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Multiple Routes from Occipital to Temporal Cortices during

By Fiona M. Richardson, Mohamed L. Seghier, Alex P. Leff, Michael S. C. Thomas and Cathy J. Price

Abstract

Contemporary models of the neural system that supports reading propose that activity in a ventral occipitotemporal area (vOT) drives activity in higher-order language areas, for example, those in the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) and anterior superior temporal sulcus (aSTS). We used fMRI with dynamic causal modeling (DCM) to investigate evidence for other routes from visual cortex to the left temporal lobe language areas. First we identified activations in posterior inferior occipital (iO) and vOT areas that were more activated for silent reading than listening to words and sentences; and in pSTS and aSTS areas that were commonly activated for reading relative to false-fonts and listening to words relative to reversed words. Second, in three different DCM analyses, we tested whether visual processing of words modulates activity from the following: (1) iO3vOT, iO3pSTS, both, or neither; (2) vOT3pSTS, iO3pSTS, both or neither; and (3) pSTS3aSTS, vOT3aSTS, both, or neither. We found that reading words increased connectivity (1) from iO to both pSTS and vOT; (2) to pSTS from both iO and vOT; and (3) to aSTS from both vOT and pSTS. These results highlight three potential processing streams in the occipitotemporal cortex: iO3pSTS3aSTS; iO3vOT3aSTS; and iO3vOT3pSTS3aSTS. We discuss these results in terms of cognitive models of reading and propose tha

Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.308.6687
Provided by: CiteSeerX
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/v... (external link)
  • http://www.psyc.bbk.ac.uk/rese... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.