cultured in human embryonic lung fibroblasts as described (6). After 4 weeks, no bacteria were isolated. We report a human case of R. eschlimannii infection in Crete, Greece. Our finding was confirmed by molecular methods. However, we were not able to cultivate R. aeschlimannii from samples collected. This result suggests that living microorganisms may have died before testing or that only DNA, but no living organism, was present in the samples. R. aeschlimannii was first isolated from Hyalomma marginatum ticks from Morocco (7). In Europe, R. aeschlimannii has also been foun
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