Location of Repository

Enzootic rabies elimination from dogs and reemergence in wild terrestrial carnivores, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1849–54. DOI:10.3201/eid1412.080876 Address for correspondence: Polyxeni Potter, EID Journal, Centers for Disease Control and Pr

By Andrés Velasco-villa, Serena A. Reeder, Lillian A. Orciari, Pamela A. Yager, Richard Franka, Jesse D. Blanton, Letha Zuckero, Patrick Hunt, Ernest H. Oertli and Laura E. Robinson

Abstract

To provide molecular and virologic evidence that domestic dog rabies is no longer enzootic to the United States and to identify putative relatives of dog-related rabies viruses (RVs) circulating in other carnivores, we studied RVs associated with recent and historic dog rabies enzootics worldwide. Molecular, phylogenetic, and epizootiologic evidence shows that domestic dog rabies is no longer enzootic to the United States. Nonetheless, our data suggest that independent rabies enzootics are now established in wild terrestrial carnivores (skunks in California and northcentral United States, gray foxes in Texas and Arizona, and mongooses in Puerto Rico), as a consequence of different spillover events from long-term rabies enzootics associated with dogs. These preliminary results highlight the key role of dog RVs and human–dog demographics as operative factors for host shifts and disease reemergence into other important carnivore populations and highlight the need for the elimination of dog-related RVs worldwide

Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.306.4400
Provided by: CiteSeerX
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/v... (external link)
  • http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/artic... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.