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Conventional Magnetic Superconductors: Coexistence of Singlet Superconductivity and Magnetic Order

By Miodrag L. Kulić


The basic physics of bulk magnetic superconductors (MS) related to the problem of the coexistence of singlet superconductivity (SC) and magnetic order is reviewed. The interplay between exchange (EX) and electromagnetic (EM) interaction is discussed and argued that the singlet SC and uniform ferromagnetic (F) order practically never coexist. In case of their mutual coexistence the F order is modified into a domain-like or spiral structure depending on magnetic anisotropy. It turns out that this situation is realized in several superconductors such as ErRh4B4, HoMo6S8, HoMo6Se8 with electronic and in AuIn2 with nuclear magnetic order. The later problem is also discussed here. The coexistence of SC and antiferromagnetism is more favorable than with the modified F order. Very interesting physics is realized in systems with SC and weakferromagnetism which results in an very reach phase diagram. The properties of magnetic superconductors in magnetic field are very peculiar, especially near the (ferro)magnetic transition temperature where the upper critical field becomes smaller than the thermodynamical critical field. The extremely interesting physics of Josephson junctions based on MS with spiral magnetic order is also discussed. The existence of the triplet pairing amplitude F↑↑ (F↓↓) in MS with rotating magnetization (the effect recently rediscovered in SFS junctions) gives rise to the so called π-contact. Furthermore, the interplay of the superconducting and magnetic phase in such a contact renders possibilities for a new type of coupled Josephson-qubits

Topics: Superconductivity, Coexistence, Magnetic Order, Triplet amplitude, π-Josephson contact, Qubits
Year: 2005
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