Advagraf vs Prograf immunosuppressive therapy in de novo kidney transplant: a single center experience
July 24, 2015
'OMICS Publishing Group'
none9Short-term results of renal transplantation have shown a drastic improvement over time mainly due to changes in immunosuppressive therapy. Non-compliance to therapy is one of the causes of graft loss. Tacrolimus is a cornerstone of immunosuppressive therapy: recently became available Tacrolimus once a day formulation (Advagraf), that could improve the compliance of patients to immunosuppressive therapy. Few are published data about its use in clinical practice. We therefore compared the efficacy and pharmacokinetics of once-daily formulation compared to the classic twice-daily dosing tacrolimus in de novo kidney transplant patients.
Methods: retrospectively evaluation of 30 de novo transplant recipients treated with Advagraf in 2009-2012 (on dose daily of 0.2-0.3 mg / kg) and 30 treated with Prograf (2 doses daily of 0.2 mg /kg). Comparison between the two groups regarding drugs dose, blood level and clinical variables.
Result: Both Advagraf and Prograf patients reached the drug target level, even if initially with an higher drug dose for Advagraf. Creatinine levels were initially higher in Advagraf group, no differences are detectable two weeks after transplant. There were no differences between groups for rejection episodes, graft loss and adverse events. Lipid metabolism was significantly better in Advagraf patients.
Discussion: Advagraf confirm to offer a similar short-term efficacy compared with the twice a day administration in de novo kidney transplant, with an higher drug dose compared to tacrolimus. The safety profile is comparable with twice-daily administration. Interestingly a better lipid metabolism is present in Advagraf group.openLa Manna G.; Todeschini P; Capelli I.; Cappuccilli M.; Cuna V.; Battaglino G.; Patregnani L.; Liviano D'Arcangelo G.; Scolari MPLa Manna G.; Todeschini P; Capelli I.; Cappuccilli M.; Cuna V.; Battaglino G.; Patregnani L.; Liviano D'Arcangelo G.; Scolari M