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Detection and distribution of European stone fruit yellows (ESFY) in apricot cv.'Bergeron' and epidemiological studies in the province of Trento (Italy).

By Poggi Pollini C., Forno F., Franchini S., Gobber M., Lanzoni C., Mattedi L., Miorelli P., Profaizer D. and Ratti C.


The aim was to investigate the performance of Bergeron on Wavit in 4 experimental fields, in the province of Trento (Italy), where European stone fruit yellows (ESFY) caused by Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum has been constantly spreading since 2000. This included visual inspections for typical symptoms (early bud-break during dormancy and premature leaf-roll) and a highly sensitive Real time PCR assay. 25 % of the propagation material was checked with this method and found to be healthy, before planting in 2005. The epidemiology of the disease was also studied by focusing on: the presence of the vector Cacospylla pruni on conifers, the detection of Ca. Phytoplasma prunorum in psyllid eggs and the transmission efficiency at different stages. This was done by exposing apricot trees in 2 locations, during 2 periods from January to July, to the overlapping presence in the orchards of the re-immigrants and the new generation of C. pruni. The results obtained demonstrated that 'Bergeron' seems to be highly susceptible to ESFY: typical bud-break was rarely observed, but up to 20-30% of the plants showed premature leaf roll, fruit deformation and dieback. C. pruni was caught only once on Picea abies during winter; Ca. Phytoplasma prunorum was found in 4 egg samples from 2 locations and the preliminary results on the exposed trees confirmed that the re-immigrants could be the most efficient vectors at least on apricot

Publisher: Julius Kuehn Institut
Year: 2010
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