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CASE REPORT Open Access Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in a

By Helka M Heikkilä, Anna Bondarenko, Andrea Mihalkov, Kurt Pfister and Thomas Spillmann

Abstract

Background: Anaplasmosis is a vectorborne disease caused by the gram-negative bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. This species displays positive tropism to granulocytes and can cause illness in several mammalian species, including cats, dogs, and humans. It is considered as an emerging disease in Europe. The clinical signs are nonspecific and include fever, lethargy, and inappetence. The most typical hematologic abnormality is thrombocytopenia. A tentative diagnosis can be made by detecting intracytoplasmic morulae inside neutrophils. The diagnosis is confirmed by PCR and serology in paired serum samples. A sample for PCR analysis should be taken before treatment. Anaplasmosis is treated with doxycycline. Case presentation: A feline case of anaplasmosis is presented. The history, clinical presentation, diagnostics, treatment, and follow-up are discussed. Conclusions: This case indicates that Anaplasma phagocytophilum infects cats in Finland. To provide accurate treatment, anaplasmosis should be listed as a differential diagnosis in cats suffering from acute febrile illness with previous tick exposure. Background Anaplasmosis is a vectorborne disease caused by th

Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.292.5219
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