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SCIENTIFIC PAPER The Effect of Preincisional Periportal Infiltration With Ropivacaine in Pain Relief After Laparoscopic Procedures: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial

By Theodoros E. Pavlidis, Konstantinos S. Atmatzidis and Basilios T. Papaziogas


Background and Objectives: It is essential to minimize pain after laparoscopic surgery. This study examined the effect of wound infiltration by a long-acting local anesthetic. Methods: This prospective, randomized study includes 190 laparoscopic procedures carried out by the same surgeon. The patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups. The control group comprised 75 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and 20 cases of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) without the use of a local anesthetic; only saline was used. The study group comprised 75 cases of LC and 20 cases of LIHR with preincisional periportal infiltration with 20 mL of ropivacaine (10 mg/mL). The postoperative pain scores at 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours determined with a visual analogue scale (VAS), nausea, and the kind and amount of analgesic drugs were assessed. Results: In the study group in 41 % of LC cases and 85 % of LIHR cases, no analgesia was required at all; likewise, in the control group in 20 % of LC cases and 44 % of LIHR cases, no analgesia was required. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the remainder, pain at 3 and 6 hours and total analgesic requirements in the study group were less than that in the control group (P<0.05). The postoperative nausea and shoulder pain remained statistically unchanged (P>0.05). Conclusions: It seems that wound infiltration with ropivacaine in laparoscopy provides satisfactory postoperative analgesia, diminishing or reducing the need for opioids

Topics: Key Words, Laparoscopy, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Hernia repair, Local anesthesia, Analgesia, Ropivacaine
Year: 2013
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