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Development and Validation of a Tokamak Skin Effect Transformer model

By J. A. Romero, J. -M. Moret, S. Coda, F. Felici and I. Garrido

Abstract

A control oriented, lumped parameter model for the tokamak transformer including the slow flux penetration in the plasma (skin effect transformer model) is presented. The model does not require detailed or explicit information about plasma profiles or geometry. Instead, this information is lumped in system variables, parameters and inputs. The model has an exact mathematical structure built from energy and flux conservation theorems, predicting the evolution and non linear interaction of the plasma current and internal inductance as functions of the primary coil currents, plasma resistance, non-inductive current drive and the loop voltage at a specific location inside the plasma (equilibrium loop voltage). Loop voltage profile in the plasma is substituted by a three-point discretization, and ordinary differential equations are used to predict the equilibrium loop voltage as function of the boundary and resistive loop voltages. This provides a model for equilibrium loop voltage evolution, which is reminiscent of the skin effect. The order and parameters of this differential equation are determined empirically using system identification techniques. Fast plasma current modulation experiments with Random Binary Signals (RBS) have been conducted in the TCV tokamak to generate the required data for the analysis. Plasma current was modulated in Ohmic conditions between 200kA and 300kA with 30ms rise time, several times faster than its time constant L/R\approx200ms. The model explains the most salient features of the plasma current transients without requiring detailed or explicit information about resistivity profiles. This proves that lumped parameter modeling approach can be used to predict the time evolution of bulk plasma properties such as plasma inductance or current with reasonable accuracy; at least in Ohmic conditions without external heating and current drive sources

Topics: Physics - Plasma Physics, Mathematics - Optimization and Control
Publisher: 'IOP Publishing'
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0029-5515/52/2/023019
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1201.1253

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