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On the Number of Cosmic Strings

By Rosa Consiglio, Olga Sazhina, Giuseppe Longo, Mikhail Sazhin and Franco Pezzella

Abstract

The number of cosmic strings in the observable universe is relevant in determining the probability of detecting such cosmic defects through their gravitational signatures. In particular, we refer to the observation of gravitational lensing events and anisotropy in the CMB radiation induced by cosmic strings. In this paper, a simple method is adopted to obtain an approximate estimate of the number of segments of cosmic strings, crossing the particle horizon, which fall inside the observed part of the universe. We show that there is an appreciable difference in the expected number of segments which differentiates cosmic strings arising in Abelian Higgs and Nambu-Goto models, and that a different choice of setting for the cosmological model can lead to significant differences in the expected number of cosmic string segments. Of this number, the fraction realistically detectable may be considerably smaller.Comment: LaTex2e, 15 pages, 1 figure, 5 tables. Subject extended to other cosmological scenarios from Sect. 3 on hence, it follows a modification in the title; three tables and references added. Version to appear in MNRA

Topics: Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
Publisher: 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1093/mnras/stu048
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1112.5186

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