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Post-civil war peace durability: The role of domestic infrastructure and military

By Alexandra Wilson

Abstract

Since 1945, approximately half of the world’s states have been engaged in some type of civil conflict. The aim of this research is to understand why some post-civil war states fail to establish peace durability while others thrive. Through quantitative research of civil wars globally and a qualitative analysis of Iraq, this thesis argues for the necessity of post-civil war policy to focus on the renewal of domestic infrastructure in addition to military investment which suppresses grievance-driven violence. A logistical regression model of all civil wars since 1945 shows that variables, such as healthcare, are evidently associated with more durable peace while military has a positive relationship with re-engagement in civil war. Applying this research through a policy recommendation, it is clear that, despite foreign involvement and the influence of terrorism, favoring a rebuilding of domestic infrastructure rather than solely military investment would be instrumental in establishing durable peace in states such as Iraq and many others

Topics: civil war, peace durability, Iraq, domestic infrastructure, healthcare, military, Comparative Politics, Infrastructure, International and Area Studies, Near and Middle Eastern Studies, Peace and Conflict Studies, Political Science
Publisher: JMU Scholarly Commons
Year: 2019
OAI identifier: oai:commons.lib.jmu.edu:honors201019-1710
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