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Massive Be and Oe stars at low metallicity and long gamma ray bursts

By Christophe Martayan, Jean Zorec, Dietrich Baade, Yves Fremat, Sylvia Ekstrom and Juan Fabregat


According to recent theoretical studies, the progenitors of Long Gamma Ray Bursts should be very fast rotating stars, massive enough but not so for collapsing into a black hole. In addition, recent observations seem to show that stars of about 20 solar masses could be at the origin of LGRBs. At low metallicity B-type stars rotate faster than at higher metallicity. We found with the ESO-WFI an occurrence of Be/Oe stars, that are quasi critical rotators, 3 to 5 times larger in the SMC than in the Galaxy. According to our results, and using observational clues on the SMC WR stars, as well as the theoretical predictions of the characteristics must have the LGRB progenitors, we have identified the low metallicity massive Be/Oe stars as potential LGRB progenitors. To support this identification, the expected rates and the numbers of LGRB were then calculated and compared to the observed ones: 3 to 6 LGRBs were found in the local universe in 11 years while 8 were actually observed.Comment: proceedings of GRBs as probes conference, Como, Italy 201

Topics: Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Year: 2011
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