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The core-degenerate scenario for type Ia supernovae

By Noam Soker


In the core-degenerate (CD) scenario for the formation of Type Ia supernovae (SNe) the Chandrasekhar or super-Chandrasekhar mass white dwarf (WD) is formed at the termination of the common envelope phase or during the planetary nebula phase, from a merger of a WD companion with the hot core of a massive asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star. The WD is destructed and accreted onto the more massive core. In the CD scenario the rapidly rotating WD is formed shortly after the stellar formation episode, and the delay from stellar formation to explosion is basically determined by the spin-down time of the rapidly rotating merger remnant. The spin-down is due to the magneto-dipole radiation torque. Several properties of the CD scenario make it attractive compared with the double-degenerate (DD) scenario. (1) Off-center ignition of carbon during the merger process is not likely to occur. (2) No large envelope is formed. Hence avoiding too much mass loss that might bring the merger remnant below the critical mass. (3) This model explains the finding that more luminous SNe Ia occur preferentially in star forming galaxies.Comment: To appear in Proceedings of IAU Symp. 281, Binary Paths to Type Ia Supernovae Explosions, ed. R. Di Stefano and M. Ori

Topics: Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1017/s174392131201472x
OAI identifier:

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