Speeding Up the Convergence of Value Iteration in Partially Observable Markov Decision Processes
Partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) have recently become popular among many AI researchers because they serve as a natural model for planning under uncertainty. Value iteration is a well-known algorithm for finding optimal policies for POMDPs. It typically takes a large number of iterations to converge. This paper proposes a method for accelerating the convergence of value iteration. The method has been evaluated on an array of benchmark problems and was found to be very effective: It enabled value iteration to converge after only a few iterations on all the test problems. 1. Introduction POMDPs model sequential decision making problems where effects of actions are nondeterministic and the state of the world is not known with certainty. They have attracted many researchers in Operations Research and Artificial Intelligence because of their potential applications in a wide range of areas (Monahan 1982, Cassandra 1998b), one of which is planning under uncertai..