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Temporal variations of the CaXIX spectra in solar flares

By R. Falewicz, P. Rudawy and M. Siarkowski

Abstract

Aims. Standard model of solar flares comprises a bulk expansion and rise of abruptly heated plasma (the chromospheric evaporation). Emission from plasma ascending along loops rooted on the visible solar disk should be often dominated, at least temporally, by a blueshifted emission. However, there is only a very limited number of published observations of solar flares having spectra in which the blue-shifted component dominates the stationary one. In this work we compare observed X-ray spectra of three solar flares recorded during their impulsive phases and relevant synthetic spectra calculated using one-dimensional hydro-dynamic numerical model of these flares. The main aim of the work was to explain why numerous flares do not show blue-shifted spectra. Methods. We synthetised time series of BCS spectra of three solar flares in various moments of their evolution from the beginning of the impulsive phases beyond maxima of the X-ray emissions using 1D numerical model of the solar flares and standard software to calculate BCS synthetic spectra of the flaring plasma. The models of the flares were calculated using observed energy distributions of the non-thermal electron beams injected into the loops, initial values of the main physical parameters of the plasma confined in the loops and geometrical properties loops ’ estimated using available observational data. The synthesized BCS spectra of the flares were compared with the relevant observed BCS spectra. Results. Taking into account the geometrical dependences of the line-of-sight velocities of the plasma moving along the flaring loop inclined toward the solar surface as well as a distribution of the investigated flares over the solar disk, we conclude that stationar

Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912781
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.246.9111
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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