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Could dark matter or neutrinos discriminate between the enantiomers of a chiral molecule?

By Pedro Bargueño, Antonio Dobado and Isabel Gonzalo

Abstract

We examine the effect of cold dark matter on the discrimination between the two enantiomers of a chiral molecule. We estimate the energy difference between the two enantiomers due to the interaction between fermionic WIMPs (weak interacting massive particles) and molecular electrons on the basis that electrons have opposite helicities in opposite enantiomers. It is found that this energy difference is completely negligible. Dark matter could then be discarded as an inductor of chiroselection between enantiomers and then of biological homochirality. However, the effect of cosmological neutrinos, revisited with the currently accepted neutrino density, would reach, in the most favorable case, an upper bound of the same order of magnitude as the energy difference obtained from the well known electroweak electronnucleus interaction in some molecules. The origin of biological homochirality, that is, the almost exclusive onehandednes

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