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Nonlinear behavior of geometric phases induced by photon pairs

By H. Kobayashi, Y. Ikeda, S. Tamate, T. Nakanishi and M. Kitano

Abstract

In this study, we observe the nonlinear behavior of the two-photon geometric phase for polarization states using time-correlated photons pairs. This phase manifests as a shift of two-photon interference fringes. Under certain arrangements, the geometric phase can vary nonlinearly and become very sensitive to a change in the polarization state. Moreover, it is known that the geometric phase for $N$ identically polarized photons is $N$ times larger than that for one photon. Thus, the geometric phase for two photons can become two times more sensitive to a state change. This high sensitivity to a change in the polarization can be exploited for precision measurement of small polarization variation. We evaluate the signal-to-noise ratio of the measurement scheme using the nonlinear behavior of the geometric phase under technical noise and highlight the practical advantages of this scheme.Comment: 10 pages, 10 figure

Topics: Quantum Physics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.063808
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1105.1855
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