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Single-Photon Absorption in Coupled Atom-Cavity Systems

By Jerome Dilley, Peter Nisbet-Jones, Bruce W. Shore and Axel Kuhn


We show how to capture a single photon of arbitrary temporal shape with one atom coupled to an optical cavity. Our model applies to Raman transitions in three-level atoms with one branch of the transition controlled by a (classical) laser pulse, and the other coupled to the cavity. Photons impinging on the cavity normally exhibit partial reflection, transmission, and/or absorption by the atom. Only a control pulse of suitable temporal shape ensures impedance matching throughout the pulse, which is necessary for complete state mapping from photon to atom. For most possible photon shapes, we derive an unambiguous analytic expression for the shape of this control pulse, and we discuss how this relates to a quantum memory.Comment: 6 pages, 8 figure

Topics: Quantum Physics
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevA.85.023834
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