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A Modified Cross Correlation Algorithm for Reference-free Image Alignment of Non-Circular Projections in Single-Particle Electron Microscopy

By Wooram Park and Gregory S. Chirikjian


In this paper we propose a modified cross correlation method to align images from the same class in single-particle electron microscopy of highly non-spherical structures. In this new method, First we coarsely align projection images, and then re-align the resulting images using the cross correlation (CC) method. The coarse alignment is obtained by matching the centers of mass and the principal axes of the images. The distribution of misalignment in this coarse alignment can be quantified based on the statistical properties of the additive background noise. As a consequence, the search space for re-alignment in the cross correlation method can be reduced to achieve better alignment. In order to overcome problems associated with false peaks in the cross correlations function, we use artificially blurred images for the early stage of the iterative cross correlation method and segment the intermediate class average from every iteration step. These two additional manipulations combined with the reduced search space size in the cross correlation method yield better alignments for low signal-to-noise ratio images than both classical cross correlation and maximum likelihood(ML) methods.Comment: 29page

Topics: Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods, Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Mathematics - Numerical Analysis
Year: 2011
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