Associated to every stationary extremal black hole is a unique near-horizon geometry, itself a solution of the field equations. These latter spacetimes are more tractable to analyze and most importantly, retain properties of the original black hole which are intrinsic to the event horizon. After reviewing general features of near-horizon geometries, such as SO(2,1) symmetry enhancement, I report on recent work on stationary, charged extremal black hole solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations with a negative cosmological constant in four dimensions and present a classification of near-horizon geometries of black holes on this kind. In five dimensions, charged extremal black hole solutions to minimal (gauged) supergravity, which arises naturally in string theory and the gauge theory/gravity correspondence, are considered. I consider the classification of near-horizon geometries for the subset of such black holes which are supersymmetric. Recent progress on the classification problem in the general extremal, non-supersymmetric case is also discussed.Comment: Invited contribution to a special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity on the 19th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation, Mexico City, July 5-9, 201
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.