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Courbes multiples primitives et d\'eformations de courbes lisses

By Jean-Marc Drezet

Abstract

A primitive multiple curve is a Cohen-Macaulay scheme Y over the field of complex numbers such that the reduced scheme C=Y_red is a smooth curve, and that Y can be locally embedded in a smooth surface. In general such a curve Y cannot be globally embedded in a smooth surface. If Y is a primitive multiple curve of multiplicity n, then there is a canonical filtration of Y C=C_1 ... C_n=Y such that C_i is a primitive multiple curve of multiplicity i. The ideal sheaf I_C of C in Y is a line bundle on C_{n-1}. Let T be a smooth curve and t_0 a closed point of T. Let D-->T be a flat family of projective smooth irreducible curves, and C=D_{t_0}. Then the n-th infinitesimal neighbourhood of C in D is a primitive multiple curve C_n of multiplicity n, embedded in the smooth surface D, and in this case I_C is the trivial line bundle on C_{n-1}. Conversely, we prove that every projective primitive multiple curve Y=C_n such that I_C is the trivial line bundle on C_{n-1} can be obtained in this way.Comment: 18 pages, in Frenc

Topics: Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry, 14H10, 14C05
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.4868
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