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Sw 1644+57/GRB 110328A: the physical origin and the composition of the relativistic outflow

By Lang Shao, Fu-Wen Zhang, Yi-Zhong Fan and Da-Ming Wei

Abstract

Sw 1644+57/GRB 110328A is a remarkable cosmological X-ray outburst detected by the {\it Swift} satellite. Its early-time ($t\lesssim 0.1$ days since the trigger) X-ray emission resembles some gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), e.g., GRB 090417B. But the late-time flaring X-ray plateau lasting $> 40$ days renders it unique. We examine the possibilities that the outburst is a super-long GRB powered either by the fallback accretion onto a nascent black hole or by a millisecond pulsar, and find out that these two scenarios can address some but not all of the main observational features. We then focus on the model of tidal disruption of a (giant) star by a massive black hole. The mass of the tidal-disrupted star is estimated to be $\gtrsim$ a few solar masses. A simple/straightforward argument for a magnetic origin of the relativistic outflow is presented.Comment: Updated to match the version published in ApJ Letters. 5 pages, 1 figure, 1 tabl

Topics: Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics, Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1088/2041-8205/734/2/L33
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.4685
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