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A study of asteroid pole-latitude distribution based on an extended set of shape models derived by the lightcurve inversion method

By Josef Hanus, Josef Durech, Miroslav Broz, Brian D. Warner, Frederick Pilcher, Robert Stephens, Julian Oey, Laurent Bernasconi, Silvano Casulli, Raoul Behrend, David Polishook, Tomas Henych, Martin Lehky, Fumi Yoshida and Takashi Ito

Abstract

Tens of thousands of sparse-in-time lightcurves from astrometric projects are publicly available. We investigate these data and use them in the lightcurve inversion method to derive new asteroid models. By having a greater number of models with known physical properties, we can gain a better insight into the nature of individual objects and into the whole asteroid population. We use sparse photometry from selected observatories from the AstDyS database, either alone or in combination with dense lightcurves, to determine new asteroid models by the lightcurve inversion method. We present 80 new asteroid models derived from combined data sets where sparse photometry is taken from the AstDyS database and dense lightcurves are from the Uppsala Asteroid Photometric Catalogue (UAPC) and from several individual observers. For 18 asteroids, we present updated shape solutions based on new photometric data. The addition of new models increases the total number of models derived by the lightcurve inversion method to ~200. We also present a simple statistical analysis of physical properties of asteroids where we look for possible correlations between various physical parameters with an emphasis on the spin vector. We present the observed and de-biased distributions of ecliptic latitudes with respect to different size ranges of asteroids as well as a simple theoretical model of the latitude distribution and then compare its predictions with the observed distributions. From this analysis we find that the latitude distribution of small asteroids (D < 30 km) is clustered towards ecliptic poles and can be explained by the YORP thermal effect while the latitude distribution of larger asteroids (D > 60 km) exhibits an evident excess of prograde rotators, probably of primordial origin.Comment: 16 pages, 12 figures, 6 tables, accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysic

Topics: Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.07.027
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.4114
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