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When is hyponormality for 2-variable weighted shifts invariant under powers?

By Raul Curto and Jasang Yoon


For 2-variable weighted shifts W_{(\alpha,\beta)}(T_1, T_2) we study the invariance of (joint) k- hyponormality under the action (h,\ell) -> W_{(\alpha,\beta)}^{(h,\ell)}(T_1, T_2):=(T_1^k,T_2^{\ell}) (h,\ell >=1). We show that for every k >= 1 there exists W_{(\alpha,\beta)}(T_1, T_2) such that W_{(\alpha,\beta)}^{(h,\ell)}(T_1, T_2) is k-hyponormal (all h>=2,\ell>=1) but W_{(\alpha,\beta)}(T_1, T_2) is not k-hyponormal. On the positive side, for a class of 2-variable weighted shifts with tensor core we find a computable necessary condition for invariance. Next, we exhibit a large nontrivial class for which hyponormality is indeed invariant under all powers; moreover, for this class 2-hyponormality automatically implies subnormality. Our results partially depend on new formulas for the determinant of generalized Hilbert matrices and on criteria for their positive semi-definiteness

Topics: Mathematics - Functional Analysis, Primary 47B20, 47B37, 47A13, 28A50, Secondary 44A60, 47-04, 47A20
Year: 2011
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