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Spatiotemporal dynamics on small-world neuronal networks: The roles of two types of time-delayed coupling

By Hao Wu, Huijun Jiang and Zhonghuai Hou

Abstract

We investigate temporal coherence and spatial synchronization on small-world networks consisting of noisy Terman-Wang (TW) excitable neurons in dependence on two types of time-delayed coupling: $\{x_j(t-\tau)-x_i (t)\}$ and $\{x_j(t-\tau)-x_i(t-\tau)\}$. For the former case, we show that time delay in the coupling can dramatically enhance temporal coherence and spatial synchrony of the noise-induced spike trains. In addition, if the delay time $\tau$ is tuned to nearly match the intrinsic spike period of the neuronal network, the system dynamics reaches a most ordered state, which is both periodic in time and nearly synchronized in space, demonstrating an interesting resonance phenomenon with delay. For the latter case, however, we can not achieve a similar spatiotemporal ordered state, but the neuronal dynamics exhibits interesting synchronization transition with time delay from zigzag fronts of excitations to dynamic clustering anti-phase synchronization (APS), and further to clustered chimera states which have spatially distributed anti-phase coherence separated by incoherence. Furthermore, we also show how these findings are influenced by the change of the noise intensity and the rewiring probability. Finally, qualitative analysis is given to illustrate the numerical results.Comment: 17 pages, 9 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.chaos.2011.06.016
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.3433
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