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Double piling structure of matrix monotone functions and of matrix convex functions II

By Hiroyuki Osaka and Jun Tomiyama

Abstract

We continue the analysis in [H. Osaka and J. Tomiyama, Double piling structure of matrix monotone functions and of matrix convex functions, Linear and its Applications 431(2009), 1825 - 1832] in which the followings three assertions at each label $n$ are discussed: (1)$f(0) \leq 0$ and $f$ is $n$-convex in $[0, \alpha)$. (2)For each matrix $a$ with its spectrum in $[0, \alpha)$ and a contraction $c$ in the matrix algebra $M_n$, $f(c^*ac) \leq c^*f(a)c$. (3)The function $f(t)/t$ $(= g(t))$ is $n$-monotone in $(0, \alpha)$. We know that two conditions $(2)$ and $(3)$ are equivalent and if $f$ with $f(0) \leq 0$ is $n$-convex, then $g$ is $(n -1)$-monotone. In this note we consider several extra conditions on $g$ to conclude that the implication from $(3)$ to $(1)$ is true. In particular, we study a class $Q_n([0, \alpha))$ of functions with conditional positive Lowner matrix which contains the class of matrix $n$-monotone functions and show that if $f \in Q_{n+1}([0, \alpha))$ with $f(0) = 0$ and $g$ is $n$-monotone, then $f$ is $n$-convex. We also discuss about the local property of $n$-convexity.Comment: 13page

Topics: Mathematics - Functional Analysis, 47A53, 26A48
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.3372
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