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Problems parameterized by treewidth tractable in single exponential time: a logical approach

By Michał Pilipczuk

Abstract

We introduce a variant of modal logic, dubbed EXISTENTIAL COUNTING MODAL LOGIC (ECML), which captures a vast majority of problems known to be tractable in single exponential time when parameterized by treewidth. It appears that all these results can be subsumed by the theorem that model checking of ECML admits an algorithm with such complexity. We extend ECML by adding connectivity requirements and, using the Cut&Count technique introduced by Cygan et al. [4], prove that problems expressible in the extension are also tractable in single exponential time when parameterized by treewidth; however, using randomization. The need for navigationality of the introduced logic is justified by a negative result that two expository problems involving non-acyclic conditions, C_l VERTEX DELETION and GIRTH>l VERTEX DELETION for l>=5, do not admit such a robust algorithm unless Exponential Time Hypothesis fails.Comment: 26 pages, 1 figur

Topics: Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms, Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.3057
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