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New Hardness Results in Rainbow Connectivity

By Prabhanjan Ananth and Meghana Nasre


A path in an edge colored graph is said to be a rainbow path if no two edges on the path have the same color. An edge colored graph is (strongly) rainbow connected if there exists a (geodesic) rainbow path between every pair of vertices. The (strong) rainbow connectivity of a graph $G$, denoted by ($src(G)$, respectively) $rc(G)$ is the smallest number of colors required to edge color the graph such that the graph is (strong) rainbow connected. It is known that for \emph{even} $k$ to decide whether the rainbow connectivity of a graph is at most $k$ or not is NP-hard. It was conjectured that for all $k$, to decide whether $rc(G) \leq k$ is NP-hard. In this paper we prove this conjecture. We also show that it is NP-hard to decide whether $src(G) \leq k$ or not even when $G$ is a bipartite graph.Comment: 15 pages, 2 figure

Topics: Computer Science - Computational Complexity, Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics, Mathematics - Combinatorics
Year: 2011
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