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Information Geometry of Quantum Entangled Gaussian Wave-Packets

By D. -H. Kim, S. A. Ali, C. Cafaro and S. Mancini

Abstract

Describing and understanding the essence of quantum entanglement and its connection to dynamical chaos is of great scientific interest. In this work, using information geometric (IG) techniques, we investigate the effects of micro-correlations on the evolution of maximal probability paths on statistical manifolds induced by systems whose microscopic degrees of freedom are Gaussian distributed. We use the statistical manifolds associated with correlated and non-correlated Gaussians to model the scattering induced quantum entanglement of two spinless, structureless, non-relativistic particles, the latter represented by minimum uncertainty Gaussian wave-packets. Knowing that the degree of entanglement is quantified by the purity P of the system, we express the purity for s-wave scattering in terms of the micro-correlation coefficient r - a quantity that parameterizes the correlated microscopic degrees of freedom of the system; thus establishing a connection between entanglement and micro-correlations. Moreover, the correlation coefficient r is readily expressed in terms of physical quantities involved in the scattering, the precise form of which is obtained via our IG approach. It is found that the entanglement duration can be controlled by the initial momentum p_{o}, momentum spread {\sigma}_{o} and r. Furthermore, we obtain exact expressions for the IG analogue of standard indicators of chaos such as the sectional curvatures, Jacobi field intensities and the Lyapunov exponents. We then present an analytical estimate of the information geometric entropy (IGE); a suitable measure that quantifies the complexity of geodesic paths on curved manifolds. Finally, we present concluding remarks addressing the usefulness of an IG characterization of both entanglement and complexity in quantum physics.Comment: 37 pages, 3 figure

Topics: Mathematical Physics, Quantum Physics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.physa.2012.04.023
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.1250
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