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Interference of an Array of Independent Bose-Einstein Condensates

By Satoshi Ando, Kazuya Yuasa and Mauro Iazzi

Abstract

Interference of an array of independent Bose-Einstein condensates, whose experiment has been performed recently, is theoretically studied in detail. Even if the number of the atoms in each gas is kept finite and the phases of the gases are not well defined, interference fringes are observed on each snapshot. The statistics of the snapshot interference patterns, i.e., the average fringe amplitudes and their fluctuations (covariance), are computed analytically, and concise formulas for their asymptotic values for long time of flight are derived. Processes contributing to these quantities are clarified and the relationship with the description on the basis of the symmetry-breaking scenario is revealed.Comment: 13 pages, 3 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases, Quantum Physics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1142/S0219749911007393
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.0295
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