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Joint Hilbert-Schmidt Determinantal Moments of Product Form for the Two-Rebit and Two-Qubit and Higher-Dimensional Quantum Systems

By Paul B. Slater

Abstract

We report formulas for the joint moments of the determinantal products (det{rho})^k (det{rho^PT})^K (k=0, 1, 2,...,N; K = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) of Hilbert-Schmidt (HS) probability distributions over the two-rebit and (K = 0, 1) two-qubit density matrices rho. Here PT denotes the partial transposition operation of quantum-information-theoretic importance. Each formula is the product of the expression for the moments of (det{rho})^k, k=0,1,2,...,N--already known from work of Cappellini, Sommers and Zyczkowski (Phys. Rev. A 74, 062322 (1996))--and an adjustment factor. The factor is a biproper rational function, with its numerators and denominators both being 3 K-degree polynomials in k. We infer the structure that the denominators follow for arbitrary K in both the two-rebit and two-qubit cases, and the six leading-order coefficients of k of the numerators in the two-rebit scenario.. We also commence an analogous investigation of generic rebit-retrit and qubit-qutrit systems. This research was motivated, in part, by the objective of using the computed moments to well reconstruct the associated HS probabilities (for which we present plots) over the two determinants, and to ascertain--at least to high accuracy--the associated (separability) probabilities of "philosophical, practical and physical" interest that (det{rho^PT})>0.Comment: 23 pages, 5 figures; Greatly expanded set of computational results, largely stemming from a suggestion of C. Dunkl regarding the use of the Cholesky-decomposition to parameterize density matrices. A two-page appendix of Dunkl is also include

Topics: Quantum Physics, Mathematical Physics
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.0217
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