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We solve the coherent multiple Andreev reflection (MAR) problem and calculate current-voltage characteristics (IVCs) for Josephson SINIS junctions, where S are local-equilibrium superconducting reservoirs, I denotes tunnel barriers, and N is a short diffusive normal wire, the length of which is much smaller than the coherence length, and the resistance is much smaller than the resistance of the tunnel barriers. The charge transport regime in such junctions qualitatively depends on a characteristic value \gamma = \Delta \tau_d of relative phase shifts between the electrons and retro-reflected holes accumulated during the dwell time \tau_d. In the limit of small electron-hole dephasing \gamma << 1, our solution recovers a known formula for a short mesoscopic connector extended to the MAR regime. At large dephasing, the subharmonic gap structure in the IVC scales with 1/ \gamma, which thus plays the role of an effective tunneling parameter. In this limit, the even gap subharmonics are resonantly enhanced, and the IVC exhibits portions with negative differential resistance.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, typos corrected, to be published in Phys. Rev.

Topics:
Condensed Matter - Superconductivity, Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics

Year: 2011

DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.184517

OAI identifier:
oai:arXiv.org:1103.4640

Provided by:
arXiv.org e-Print Archive

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