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A Characterization of all Stable Minimal Separator Graphs

By Mrinal Kumar, Gaurav Maheswari and N. Sadagopan


In this paper, our goal is to characterize two graph classes based on the properties of minimal vertex (edge) separators. We first present a structural characterization of graphs in which every minimal vertex separator is a stable set. We show that such graphs are precisely those in which the induced subgraph, namely, a cycle with exactly one chord is forbidden. We also show that deciding maximum such forbidden subgraph is NP-complete by establishing a polynomial time reduction from maximum induced cycle problem [1]. This result is of independent interest and can be used in other combinatorial problems. Secondly, we prove that a graph has the following property: every minimal edge separator induces a matching (that is no two edges share a vertex in common) if and only if it is a tree

Topics: Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics
Year: 2011
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