In this paper, our goal is to characterize two graph classes based on the properties of minimal vertex (edge) separators. We first present a structural characterization of graphs in which every minimal vertex separator is a stable set. We show that such graphs are precisely those in which the induced subgraph, namely, a cycle with exactly one chord is forbidden. We also show that deciding maximum such forbidden subgraph is NP-complete by establishing a polynomial time reduction from maximum induced cycle problem . This result is of independent interest and can be used in other combinatorial problems. Secondly, we prove that a graph has the following property: every minimal edge separator induces a matching (that is no two edges share a vertex in common) if and only if it is a tree
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