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Generation of Coherent Structures After Cosmic Inflation

By Marcelo Gleiser, Noah Graham and Nikitas Stamatopoulos

Abstract

We investigate the nonlinear dynamics of hybrid inflation models, which are characterized by two real scalar fields interacting quadratically. We start by solving numerically the coupled Klein-Gordon equations in static Minkowski spacetime, searching for possible coherent structures. We find long-lived, localized configurations, which we identify as a new kind of oscillon. We demonstrate that these two-field oscillons allow for "excited" states with much longer lifetimes than those found in previous studies of single-field oscillons. We then solve the coupled field equations in an expanding Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime, finding that as the field responsible for inflating the Universe rolls down to oscillate about its minimum, it triggers the formation of long-lived two-field oscillons, which can contribute up to 20% of the total energy density of the Universe. We show that these oscillons emerge for a wide range of parameters consistent with WMAP 7-year data. These objects contain total energy of about 25*10^20 GeV, localized in a region of approximate radius 6*10^-26 cm. We argue that these structures could have played a key role during the reheating of the Universe.Comment: 12 pages, 10 .pdf figures, uses RevTex4; v2: expanded discussion in section IV, accepted for publication in Phys.Rev. D. Results remain the sam

Topics: High Energy Physics - Theory, Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.096010
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1103.1911
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