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Quantum mechanics on spaces of nonconstant curvature: the oscillator problem and superintegrability

By Angel Ballesteros, Alberto Enciso, Francisco J. Herranz, Orlando Ragnisco and Danilo Riglioni

Abstract

The full spectrum and eigenfunctions of the quantum version of a nonlinear oscillator defined on an N-dimensional space with nonconstant curvature are rigorously found. Since the underlying curved space generates a position-dependent kinetic energy, three different quantization prescriptions are worked out by imposing that the maximal superintegrability of the system has to be preserved after quantization. The relationships among these three Schroedinger problems are described in detail through appropriate similarity transformations. These three approaches are used to illustrate different features of the quantization problem on N-dimensional curved spaces or, alternatively, of position-dependent mass quantum Hamiltonians. This quantum oscillator is, to the best of our knowledge, the first example of a maximally superintegrable quantum system on an N-dimensional space with nonconstant curvature.Comment: 26 pages, 5 figure

Topics: Quantum Physics, Mathematical Physics, Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.aop.2011.03.002
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1102.5494
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