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Complete Subdivision Algorithms, II: Isotopic Meshing of Singular Algebraic Curves

By Michael Burr, Sung Woo Choi, Ben Galehouse and Chee Yap


Given a real valued function f(X,Y), a box region B_0 in R^2 and a positive epsilon, we want to compute an epsilon-isotopic polygonal approximation to the restriction of the curve S=f^{-1}(0)={p in R^2: f(p)=0} to B_0. We focus on subdivision algorithms because of their adaptive complexity and ease of implementation. Plantinga and Vegter gave a numerical subdivision algorithm that is exact when the curve S is bounded and non-singular. They used a computational model that relied only on function evaluation and interval arithmetic. We generalize their algorithm to any bounded (but possibly non-simply connected) region that does not contain singularities of S. With this generalization as a subroutine, we provide a method to detect isolated algebraic singularities and their branching degree. This appears to be the first complete purely numerical method to compute isotopic approximations of algebraic curves with isolated singularities

Topics: Computer Science - Computational Geometry, Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms, Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry, F.2.2
Year: 2011
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