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Hadron-quark phase transition in asymmetric matter with dynamical quark masses

By G. Y. Shao, M. Di Toro, B. Liu, M. Colonna, V. Greco, Y. X. Liu and S. Plumari

Abstract

The two-Equation of State (EoS) model is used to describe the hadron-quark phase transition in asymmetric matter formed at high density in heavy-ion collisions. For the quark phase, the three-flavor Nambu--Jona-Lasinio (NJL) effective theory is used to investigate the influence of dynamical quark mass effects on the phase transition. At variance to the MIT-Bag results, with fixed current quark masses, the main important effect of the chiral dynamics is the appearance of an End-Point for the coexistence zone. We show that a first order hadron-quark phase transition may take place in the region T=(50-80)MeV and \rho_B=(2-4)\rho_0, which is possible to be probed in the new planned facilities, such as FAIR at GSI-Darmstadt and NICA at JINR-Dubna. From isospin properties of the mixed phase somepossible signals are suggested. The importance of chiral symmetry and dynamical quark mass on the hadron-quark phase transition is stressed. The difficulty of an exact location of Critical-End-Point comes from its appearance in a region of competition between chiral symmetry breaking and confinement, where our knowledge of effective QCD theories is still rather uncertain.Comment: 13 pages, 16 figures (revtex

Topics: Nuclear Theory, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, Nuclear Experiment
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.094033
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1102.4964
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