Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Disruptive sharing in a digital age: rejecting neoliberalism?

By Bart Cammaerts

Abstract

Some argue that neoliberalism can be seen as having negated its negation, namely socialism and communism, and become unquestionable and common sense. However, many practices from below resist, reject or at least disrupt the stringent property rights regime and the primacy of the market, two core elements of neoliberal ideology. Some of these practices of resistance are in the form of a disruption to or rejection of the commodity exchange model. In this article we address three modes of sharing in a digital context, embedded in a cultural exchange model - sharing code, sharing content and sharing access. These different practices of giving and sharing are analysed according to the way in which reciprocity is articulated, the extent to which they disrupt the capitalist model of commodity exchange, and the ways in which they interact or not with it. We conclude that all forms of digital sharing involve degrees of reciprocity, and that all sharing in digital contexts is gradually appropriated by capitalist logics, mainly through the creation of auxiliary revenues. Many sharing practices do not intend to reject or disrupt, so, while some sharing practices might constitute a (partial) disruption to the commodity exchange model, they may not necessarily result in its negation. Recent attempts by states and parts of the entertainment industry to discipline or coerce the revivified participatory culture and its cultural exchange ethic to fit the commodity exchange model raise serious concerns

Topics: HE Transportation and Communications
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1080/10304312.2011.539157
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:32857
Provided by: LSE Research Online

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2005). A Brief History of Neoliberalism. doi
  2. (1987). A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia. doi
  3. (2004). An Initial Assessment of Cooperative Action in Wi-Fi Networking. doi
  4. (1976). An open letter to hobbyists.
  5. (2001). Benchmarking Report following-up the Strategies for jobs in the Information Society. Working Document, High Level Group 'Employment and Social Dimension of the Information Society'
  6. (2001). Code, culture and cash: The fading altruism of open source development. First Monday 6(12): http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/904/813
  7. (2008). Community and social interaction in the wireless city: wi-fi use in public and semi-public spaces. doi
  8. (2004). Consumption and digital commodities in the everyday. doi
  9. (2008). Criminal Friends of Entertainment: Analysing Results from Recent Peer-to-Peer Surveys. doi
  10. (2008). Critiques on the Participatory Potentials of Web 2.0’. doi
  11. (2005). Cyber Trust and Crime Prevention.
  12. (2009). Digital Music Report
  13. (2010). Distributed Creativity: Filesharing and Produsage. doi
  14. (2007). Exploring the Networked Worlds of Popular Music: Milieu Cultures. doi
  15. (2006). File Sharing: Creative Destruction of Just Plain Destruction. doi
  16. (2004). Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity. doi
  17. (2000). Free Labor: Producing Culture for the Digital Economy. doi
  18. (2002). From Digital Divides to Digital Entitlements in Knowledge Societies. doi
  19. (1985). Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. doi
  20. (2006). Hollywood versus the Internet: the media and entertainment industries in a digital and networked economy. doi
  21. (2001). How Linux saved Amazon millions.
  22. (2007). Information policies and open source software in developing countries. doi
  23. (1975). Late Capitalism. doi
  24. (2006). Measuring the effect of file sharing on music purchases’. doi
  25. (2002). Mobilizing the Information Society: Strategies for Growth and Opportunity. doi
  26. (2008). Muni-Wi: an exploratory comparative study of European and Brazilian municipal wireless networks. São Paulo:
  27. (2006). Municipal Wi-Fi networks: The goals, practices, and policy implications of the U.S.
  28. (2002). On the Fetish-Character in Music and the Regression of Listening.
  29. (2005). On the reproduction of the musical economy after the Internet. doi
  30. (2008). Peer-to-Peer Media File Sharing: From Copyright Crisis to Market?. In Peer-to-Peer Video: doi
  31. (2006). Piracy Online. April 20, http://www.riaa.com/physicalpiracy.php?content_selector=piracy_details_online
  32. (1986). Popular Culture and Social Relations. Milton Keynes:
  33. (2003). Quentin Tarantino's Star Wars? Digital Cinema, Media Convergence, and Participatory Culture.
  34. (2007). Rethinking the Music Industry. doi
  35. (2002). Strong, Weak, and Latent Ties and the Impact of New Media’. doi
  36. (1991). TAZ: The Temporary Autonomous Zone, Ontological Anarchy, Poetic Terrorism. doi
  37. (2008). The Belly of the City: Alternative Communicative City Network. doi
  38. (2008). The Changing Nature of Intellectual Property: A Manifesto for the Digital Age. London: Alliance Against IP-Theft.
  39. (2009). The Changing Urban Landscapes of Media Consumption and Production. doi
  40. (2010). The Digital Economy Act.
  41. (1999). The economies of online cooperation: Gifts and public goods in cyberspace.
  42. (2007). The Effect of Digital Sharing Technologies on Music Markets: A Survival Analysis of Albums on Ranking Charts. doi
  43. (2007). The Effect of File Sharing on Record Sales: An Empirical Analysis. doi
  44. (2008). The Future of Copyright. Cato Unbound,
  45. (1988). The Gift Economy. doi
  46. (1979). The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property. doi
  47. (1999). The GNU Operating System and the Open Source revolution.
  48. (1987). The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT. doi
  49. (2008). The P2P War: Someone is Monitoring Your Activities’. doi
  50. (2000). The Political Economy of Open Source Software.
  51. (2001). The Power of Gifts: Organizing Social Relationships in Open Source Communities. doi
  52. (2006). The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. doi
  53. (1997). Universal Service and Public Access in the Networked Society. doi
  54. (2004). Unlicensed wireless broadband profiles: community, municipal and commercial success stories’.
  55. (2010). Web Server Survey. 15 April, http://news.netcraft.com/archives/2010/04/15/april_2010_web_server_survey.html Norris,
  56. (2007). Why not share rather than own?’. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.