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Parallel Gradient Distribution in Unconstrained Optimization

By O. L. Mangasarian


A parallel version is proposed for a fundamental theorem of serial unconstrained optimization. The parallel theorem allows each of k parallel processors to use simultaneously a different algorithm, such as a descent, Newton, quasi-Newton or a conjugate gradient algorithm. Each processor can perform one or many steps of a serial algorithm on a portion of the gradient of the objective function assigned to it, independently of the other processors. Eventually a synchronization step is performed which, for differentiable convex functions, consists of taking a strong convex combination of the k points found by the k processors. For nonconvex, as well as convex, differentiable functions, the best point found by the k processors is taken, or any better point. The fundamental result that we establish is that any accumulation point of the parallel algorithm is stationary for the nonconvex case, and is a global solution for the convex case. Computational testing on the Thinking Machines CM-5 mul..

Year: 1994
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