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Let $a,b,c,d$ be four vertices in a graph $G$. A \emph{$K_4$-minor rooted} at $a,b,c,d$ consists of four pairwise-disjoint pairwise-adjacent connected subgraphs of $G$, respectively containing $a,b,c,d$. We characterise precisely when $G$ contains a $K_4$-minor rooted at $a,b,c,d$ by describing six classes of obstructions, which are the edge-maximal graphs containing no $K_4$-minor rooted at $a,b,c,d$. The following two special cases illustrate the full characterisation: (1) A 4-connected non-planar graph contains a $K_4$-minor rooted at $a,b,c,d$ for every choice of $a,b,c,d$. (2) A 3-connected planar graph contains a $K_4$-minor rooted at $a,b,c,d$ if and only if $a,b,c,d$ are not on a single face

Topics:
Mathematics - Combinatorics

Year: 2011

OAI identifier:
oai:arXiv.org:1102.3760

Provided by:
arXiv.org e-Print Archive

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