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X-ray Diffraction and Theoretical Calculation–Supported Formation of Polymorphic Cocrystals Discovered Through Thermal Methods: A Case Study

By Zhengzheng Zhou, Monica Calatayud, Julia Contreras-García, Liang Li, Henry Tong and Ying Zheng


International audiencePolymorphism commonly exists in the preparation of cocrystals and has attracted widespread attention from both the pharmaceutical industry and academia. However, few studies have examined how to discover polymorphic cocrystals and their potential formation mechanism. In this study, we report the novel discovery of salicylic acid: 3-nitrobenzamide (SA-3NBZ) polymorphic cocrystals by thermal methods. The formation mechanism is elucidated based on theoretical calculations. SA-3NBZ polymorphic cocrystals with molar ratio of 1:1 and 2:2 were discovered using the combination of differential scanning calorimetry and hot stage microscopy. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed this discovery. Density functional theory calculations corrected with dispersion were conducted to illustrate the energetic stabilization of SA polymorphic cocrystals. Compared with the starting materials, formation of the cocrystals at 1:1 and 2:2 present a weak stabilization with overall energy reduction of −0.01 and −0.05 eV/molecule, respectively. The calculated noncovalent interactions index further suggests that intralayer hydrogen bonds and van der Waals forces contribute to these weak interactions. The density functional theory calculations are in good agreement with the X-ray diffraction data. Hence, thermal analysis is a simple and reliable method to discover polymorphic cocrystals

Topics: salicylic acid, cocrystal, polymorphism, density functional theory (DFT), thermal methods, modulated temperature DSC (MTDSC), [CHIM.THEO]Chemical Sciences/Theoretical and/or physical chemistry, [CHIM.CRIS]Chemical Sciences/Cristallography, [SDV.SP]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Pharmaceutical sciences
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.xphs.2019.05.019
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02161801v1
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