PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical value and accuracy of magnetic resonance (MR)-guided vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VAB).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 106 incidental breast lesions detected on MR imaging in 98 patients. Patients with nonpalpable suspicious lesions that were only MR visible were referred for MR-VAB performed with a 10-gauge needle. All patients with a VAB diagnosis of infiltrating carcinoma, carcinoma in situ or atypical epithelial hyperplasia were referred for surgery. Histopathology of the surgical specimen was considered the reference standard.
RESULTS: MR-guided VAB was attempted in 29/106 lesions (27%); in 2/29 patients, the procedure could not be performed owing to failure to visualise the lesion. Lesions with clearly malignant features and borderline lesions (atypical ductal hyperplasias) were identified in 12 cases (44%) and benign entities in 15 (56%). Seven of 12 (58%) malignant lesions were <10 mm. Among the 27 successful MR-VAB procedures, VAB yielded one false-negative diagnosis (4%) and underestimation (4%). MR-guided VAB sensitivity and specificity were 92% and 100%, respectively, with a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 93%.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that MR-guided VAB offers good accuracy in characterising nonpalpable breast lesions visible on MR imaging alone. Small lesion size (<1 cm) did not prove to be a limitation for the success of the procedure