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Building quality early childhood education from the ground up: teacher preparation in Vanuatu

By E. Pearson

Abstract

Across the Asia Pacific region (indeed, on a global scale), formalised provision of early childhood care and education has expanded exponentially during the past two to three decades. Through its history, formalised early childhood care has served a range of purposes, from providing care for young children while their parents work, to being a site for religious ministry. In the twenty first century, the field is driven primarily by growing acknowledgment of the important role of early childhood services in supporting young children’s growth and development and, in turn, shaping the development of healthy societies. This is reflected in messages regarding both the economic benefits of investing in early childhood and the costs of failing to do so (e.g. Heckman and Masterov, The productivity argument for investing in young children.Chicago: Invest in Kids Working Group, Committee for Economic Development, 2004; Rao and Jin, Early childhood care and education in the Asia Pacific region: Moving towards goal 1. UNESCO, 2010; Neuman and Bennett, Starting strong: Early childhood education and care. Paris: OECD. 2001) and powerful rhetoric from International Non-Government agencies (INGO’s) that urges countries to invest inexpanding access to early education opportunities (e.g. UNESCO’s Education For All initiative; Baba and Puamau, Journal of Educational Studies, 21, 31–50, 1999). Related to these, the international Education for All (EFA) agenda (UNESCO, EFA global monitoring report 2007, strong foundations: Early childhood care and education. Paris: UNESCO, 2006) and targets for human development defined by the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s), have stimulated rapid growth in early education and care services in most countries across the Asia Pacific region over the past two decades

Topics: L1
Publisher: Springer
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:bgro.collections.crest.ac.uk:82
Provided by: BG Research Online
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