Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

An analysis of the geographic variation in cancer incidence and its determinants in Ontario

By S. D. Walter, L. D. Marrett, S. M. Taylor and Derek King


Cancer incidence data for the Ontario Public Health Units in 1980-91 were examined to investigate regional patterns and the existence of outlier values after adjustment for known risk factors. Candidate risk factors were derived from the Ontario Health Survey and the census. Weighted regressions were fit to the data, and the spatial pattern of the residuals was analyzed. The number of outlier data points with significant elevations or reductions in risk was close to that expected by chance. They were dispersed geographically, and occurred in a variety of cancer types. We conclude that, in general, most of the geographic variation in cancer risk can be associated with variation in known risk factors, and that there appear to be no broad regional effects remaining after adjustment for these factors. A few cancer sites provide limited evidence of regional effects that may warrant further investigation

Topics: R Medicine (General), RA Public aspects of medicine
Publisher: Canadian Public Health Association
Year: 1999
OAI identifier:
Provided by: LSE Research Online
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.