Sexual Education and the Efficacy of STD Testing Among College Students in the U.S.
Many college or university students engage in high-risk behaviors, including sexual intercourse with multiple partners, which increases their risks for contracting sexually transmitted diseases. According to the Center for Disease Control, both chlamydia and gonorrhea are asymptomatic infections, which can increase the prevalence in college or university students, making it difficult for one to know whether or not he or she is infected. However, unless the individual tests or screens for either sexually transmitted disease, it can prevent the spread and decrease the rate of infection among the college student population. The problem in college and university students is the misperceptions of STD testing from lack of sexual education or ineffective sexual education programs. In order to examine the sexual education programs that are most effective at increasing STD testing rates among college and university students, I will conduct a systematic review of the published literature. I will focus on examining previous sexual education programs and its effect on the misperceptions of STD testing in college and university students and its effect on STD rates in the United States