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ARTICLE IN PRESS Journal of Development Economics xx (2003) xxx–xxx www.elsevier.com/locate/econbase Relocation and agglomeration of Chinese industry

By Mei Wen


This paper investigates the spatial concentration of Chinese manufacturing using data collected in both the second and third national industrial censuses. It is found that many of China’s manufacturing industries were highly geographically concentrated in several coastal regions in 1995. A historical comparison of the concentration levels between 1980, 1985 and 1995 suggests that manufacturing industries have become more geographically concentrated following the economic reform. An econometric analysis further supports new economic geography theory and reveals that China appeared to be on the upside of the upside down U curve

Topics: Industrial concentration, Transportation cost, Preferential development policies, The extent of the market, Foreign investment
Year: 2001
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