(Additional copies available electronically from the A growing body of work suggests that national party organizations play a littleknown but crucial role in the practice of congressional elections. One remaining concern is how effective the assistance they provide is. Parties generally decide on which races to become involved in with a process of targeting. The central question of this research is "Does party targeting bear any significant influence on the eventual outcome of a congressional election?" Using targeting data provided by the national political party congressional campaign committees and Federal Election Commission data, this research uses path analysis to test the effects of being targeted by the party on eventual victory or defeat in the 2000 congressional elections. Results indicate that the effect of targeting is small but quite significant, especially for Republican candidates and open seat candidates. Furthermore, the data lends itself to the development of a new vision of the party role in campaigns: that of
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