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GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS: EFFECTS ON LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES

By Farah Farahati, Ph. D. A, Dave E. Marcotte and Ph. D. B

Abstract

Mental Healthcare Research for helpful comments. 2 Objective: Many studies in labor market analysis have established significant gender differences in labor market behavior. Differences in prevalence rates of various types of mental disorders by gender are also well established. Little is known, however, about gender differences in the labor market effects of specific mental illnesses. Methods: Using a sample of 2210 men and 2362 women between the ages of 18 and 54 drawn from respondents to the National Comorbidity Survey, we tested whether adults with a psychiatric disorder have a lower probability of working, lower weekly working hours, and lower labor earnings than individuals without these disorders, other things being equal. We used several types of multivariate analysis to test our hypotheses: Logistic, Ordinary Least Squares, and Tobit regression techniques, as well as instrumental-variable versions of these techniques (constructed in a two-stage procedure with the use of parental history of mental illness). Results: Our findings suggest that for women, Anxiety disorders occurring within th

Year: 2002
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