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The Employment Effects of Short-Term Contracts Regulations in Europe

By Luca Nunziata and Stefano Staffolani

Abstract

We present a theoretical as well as empirical analysis of the impact of employment regulations on permanent and temporary employment. We consider three different forms of such regulations, namely insider protection, fixed term contract regulations, and legislation on temporary work agencies, and we present some empirical evidence as regards total, female and young employees based on a panel of nine European countries. We show that these three types of regulations have different impacts on the employment performances of those countries. Moreover, these institutions act asymmetrically along the business cycle. The most notable findings are that lower employment protection leads to the substitution of permanent employees by temporary ones with an insignificant net effect on the total; more flexible regulations on fixed term contracts have a beneficial effect on temporary as well as permanent employment among young people; flexible regulations on temporary work agencies have a positive impact on temporary employment, while they may reduce permanent employment, especially for young people

Topics: Fixed Term Contracts, Temporary Work Agencies, Temporary Employment, Labour Market Institutions, Employment protection. We are grateful to Steve Nickell and John Muellbauer for comments and very he
Year: 2001
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